cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that is research-based and has been found to be effective in treating a variety of mental health problems. Current research has found that CBT alone is as effective in treating mild to moderate anxiety and depression as medication alone and the positive effects of CBT continue after treatment, whereas positive effects do not end continue when medication treatment ends. The roots of CBT date back to the early 20th century when behaviorism was a popular academic discipline. During the mid-20th Century, cognitive psychology was introduced by psychologists, such as Albert Ellis. By the late 1970s, techniques of cognitive and behavioral psychology had been integrated and research demonstrated the effectiveness of this approach.
The past 20 years have included significant advancements in CBT with the integration of mindfulness-based approaches to assist in reducing emotional arousal. CBT differs from some earlier forms of psychotherapy in the following ways:
1. CBT is a problem and goal focused
2. Progress in CBT is often measurable (ie better sleep, more social activity)
3. CBT does not focus as much on the past, but is very present-focused
4. CBT has a number of techniques and can be adapted to various learning styles.
5. CBT’s focus is often to change negative thoughts and negative behaviors and replace them with healthier alternatives